It is estimated that 2 people in every 100 may be affected by incontinence at night time throughout adulthood. This condition is known as Nocturnal Enuresis.
Nocturnal Enuresis is something that is normally associated with children. However, recent research from the National Association for Continence has even concluded that some people only start wetting the bed as adults. If you are an adult and you suffer from bed wetting, you are certainly not alone. However, as the condition is so rarely spoken about, few people are aware of the causes of Nocturnal Enuresis and the available treatment for the condition.
What can cause Nocturnal Enuresis?
Epidemiologic evidence from several studies has shown that urinary incontinence is 50 % more common in women with Diabetes than among women with normal glucose levels. High blood sugar can cause an increase in the amount of urine produced, resulting in urgency and more frequent urination.
- Inability to wake during the night
Between the ages of 2 and 6, most people develop the ability to wake during the night if the body senses that the bladder is full. However, if an individual is a very heavy sleeper, this can mean that they don’t wake up if they need the toilet, meaning they may go while they are asleep.
- Chronic Constipation
If the bowels are exceptionally full, this can often place extra pressure on the bladder and cause bedwetting.
- Abnormal Hormone Development
Around sunset each day, the body releases an antidiuretic hormone called arginine vasopressin which reduces the kidneys’ output so that we don’t usually need to go to the toilet during the night. We develop this hormone around the ages of 2 and 6, however, some people don’t ever begin creating this hormone, which can lead to severe bedwetting.
- Excessive Alcohol
As well as irritating the bladder, alcohol increases urine production and can make us sleep more heavily. Excessive caffeine also irritates the bladder and significantly increases urine production.
- Psychological problems.
Depression, sexual abuse, anxiety, stress and other psychological issues have been known to cause bedwetting.
What can you do to treat Nocturnal Enuresis?
Ask your Doctor to Prescribe Medication
Doctors are able to prescribe medications such as Desmopressin and Imipramine to prevent night-time urination. These medications work in different ways to decrease incontinence at night time, and your Doctor can decide which medication is the most suitable for your condition.
If you are suffering from Nocturnal Enuresis, particularly if it is something that has only recently started, it is important to see your doctor so they can find the exact cause and offer treatment options. You need to provide the Doctor with information about the severity and frequency of your condition so you are provided with the correct advice and medication.
What you need to tell the Doctor:
> The frequency of which these events happen
Ensure you tell the Doctor how often the Nocturnal Enuresis happens. Is it a nightly problem or do you struggle with incontinence at night time a few times a month?
> The average amount of urine leakage produced during the night
Make a note of the severity of your condition when leakages happen. Are you losing a lot of urine nightly or do you have light incontinence?
> Your usual diet
Make a list of the food and drink you would consume on a normal day, with some indication of the time you would have these meals. This does not have to be a detailed list, simply provide some information about your breakfast, lunch and tea. It is also useful to inform your Doctor of any food and drink you have immediately before bedtime to find the possible cause of the bed wetting.
Practice Pelvic Floor Exercises
Pelvic floor exercise is often recommended as a first-line treatment to try to prevent and treat bed wetting in adults. Suitable for both men and women, pelvic floor exercises help to give better control over your bladder and can work simply by making you more aware of your pelvic area.
Before you begin to try any Kegel exercises, you need to identify your pelvic muscles. In order to do this, you need to become aware of the muscles you use to stop urinating.
To exercise these muscles, try squeezing these muscles for up to 4 seconds, then relax the muscles for 4 seconds. Please be aware that your stomach and thigh muscles should not weaken when you do this.
Gradually increase the length of time you are able to squeeze until you see a noticeable improvement in the strength of your muscles.
In order for this method to be effective, it is recommended that you repeat this exercise 10 to 15 times per session.
If you are able to fit these exercises into your daily routine, try and do this exercise 3 times daily.
The Kegel8 Ultra 20 Pelvic Toner has been designed with 20 clinically-proven programmes which work deep within your pelvic floor muscles to help to strengthen your body from the inside out, which can help to treat bedwetting.
Cut down on Caffeine and Alcohol
If you suffer from Nocturnal Enuresis, it’s important to cut down on caffeine and alcohol, and make sure that you go to the toilet just before you go to bed to make sure your bladder is completely empty before you go to sleep.
Create a Bed Wetting Alarm
Another way you can treat prevent incontinence at night time is through creating a bedwetting alarm. This is an alarm which can wake you up at timed intervals to go to the toilet every few hours, ensuring you will wake up and walk to the bathroom rather than wetting the bed. You can also buy bedwetting alarms that monitor wetness and can wake you up as soon as you begin to urinate.
Invest in the suitable protective products
If you suffer from Nocturnal Enuresis, it is vital to ensure you have the correct protection to ensure you are confident and comfortable about going to bed with the risk of potential leakages.
Bed protectors provide extra protection for leakages during the night. They are available in a range of styles, sizes and makes so you have the option of choosing a pad which matches the interior of your home. Made from an absorbent material, the pads will soak up leakages to the ISO absorption level of the product. Bed protectors come in a range of absorbencies from 1000mls to 5000mls, so you can choose a pad that will be beneficial for the severity of your condition.
Visit our range of bed pads here to find a protective pad that will provide you with the security you need to manage Nocturnal Enuresis.