Bladder problems in menopausal women is common yet rarely spoken of. A possible reason for this problem is the reduction of oestrogen.
A recent study by Austrian researchers has linked the risk of stress incontinence to lower levels of oestrogen in menopausal and post-menopausal women. The study indicated that low levels of oestrogen can have a severe impact on the function of the lower urinary tract. Women in the study who suffered from stress incontinence demonstrated drastically lower levels of oestrogen. Researchers of the study concluded, “the results of the present study indicate that low oestrogen levels might have a drastic impact on the lower urinary tract and continence mechanism. Lower levels of oestrogen is a very likely risk factor for stress incontinence in women”.
Are you suffering from stress incontinence due to menopause? Shop our products for stress incontinence to stay protected.
What is Oestrogen?
Oestrogen is the main female sexual hormone, which is responsible for the regulation and development of the female reproductive system. It’s duty is to prevent the production of the follicle stimulating hormone to make sure only one egg matures during the monthly cycle. Oestrogen also maintains the thickness and strength of your vaginal wall and your urethral lining.
It can also impact:
- The mind. Studies over the years have shown that low oestrogen levels are connected with a decreased mood
- Bone development. As oestrogen levels fall in middle age, the procedure for rebuilding bones can be less effective.
- Mucous Membranes
- Condition of hair
When women go through menopause, the body suddenly stops making oestrogen. The reduction of this hormone leads to significant changes in the genital tract. Common consequences of this are itching, burning, dryness and dyspareunia. Other common symptoms include urinary frequency, urinary tract infections and urges to urinate. Oestrogen deficiency of menopause causes significant effects on the vagina and bladder. It is estimated that 63% of postmenopausal women have experienced vulvovaginal symptoms. Reduced levels of oestrogen can additionally cause thinning of the lining of the urethra, the tube that passes urine from the bladder and out of the body. The pelvic floor muscles can also severely weaken with during menopause, a process known as “pelvic relaxation”.
Providing menopausal and post-menopausal women with oestrogen has been proven to be successful in treating incontinence. If you are suspicious that a lack of oestrogen is causing your incontinence, you should talk to a Urologist or Doctor for a prescription. Oestrogen can be provided in patches, gel or tablets depending on your individual circumstance. A recent review focused on 34 trials including more than 19000 women, of whom 9000 received oestrogen. Significantly more women in the trial who received oestrogen reported their symptoms drastically improved in comparison to placebo patients.
Which Type of Incontinence Do You Have?
You can read our information blogs for more information on the different types of urinary incontinence.
Stress Incontinence– Leakages occur when pressure is placed on the bladder, such as during exercise or laughing
Urge Incontinence– This is a strong, sudden need to urinate
Overflow Incontinence– This is the inability to completely empty the bladder
Are you looking for a discreet way to manage leaks during menopause? Read our blog to find out which pads are the most discreet.